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Types of Hearing Loss

Hearing impairment is a prevalent issue impacting a substantial number of individuals globally, with higher incidences noted particularly in urban regions. It can affect either one or both ears and its intensity can span from mild to severe. There are various categories of this condition, each characterized by unique causes and related symptoms. A thorough comprehension of the varied aspects of hearing loss is vital for its effective treatment and management.

Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Sensorineural hearing loss is characterized by the damage or absence of sensitive hair cells within the cochlea or auditory nerve. This results in the transmission of weak nerve signals to the brain, leading to impaired hearing. Various elements can lead to this type of hearing loss, such as loud noise exposure, diseases, genetic factors, aging, head injuries, abnormalities in the inner ear, and the use of drugs harmful to the ear.

Conductive Hearing Loss

Conductive hearing loss is a condition that arises when sound transmission to the inner ear is hindered, usually due to issues with the outer or middle ear. The good news is that most instances of this type of hearing loss can be successfully treated with medication or surgery. When these treatment methods are impractical, hearing aids can provide significant assistance. Typical causes of conductive hearing loss encompass fluid in the middle ear, ear infections, allergies, ruptured eardrums, excessive earwax, benign growths, swimmer’s ear, and foreign objects stuck in the ear.

Hearing Loss

Mixed hearing loss is defined by the concurrent existence of both conductive and sensorineural hearing loss in a person. This happens when there’s damage to both the outer or middle ear, as well as the inner ear or auditory nerve. While treatments may potentially reverse conductive hearing loss, sensorineural hearing loss is typically permanent. The chief cause of mixed hearing loss is usually trauma or injury to the ear, though it can also be due to a combination of different factors.

If you’re worried about potential hearing loss, it’s time to arrange an appointment for a hearing assessment. At Primary Audiology, our team of experts can evaluate your hearing, determine the nature and extent of any loss, and suggest appropriate treatment solutions, such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, or other assistive listening devices. Early intervention is key in preserving your hearing, lowering the risk of dementia, and improving your overall life quality